Russian hackers appear in the news so often that they have already become a meme. They are consistently associated with the FSB, hacking of politicians’ emails and attacks on government structures around the world. Meanwhile, many odious hackers of the mid-noughties have already served time and left the shadow sector, and the life of today’s cybercriminals is not limited to hacking banks and working for government agencies. Samizdat understands how the life of modern hackers works, how they steal millions of dollars, find legal work in corporations and fight against intruders.

A hacker attack occurs every 39 seconds.

Cybercrime generates $200 billion more per year than the entire international drug trade — $600 billion. More than 75% of companies and organizations in the world will not be able to withstand even the simplest hacker attack, they are not prepared for it. Russian hackers are the fastest and fastest: on average, they need only 18 minutes to take over a computer network. Chinese — four hours. Hackers create 300,000 new virus programs every day. In 2021, there will be more than 3.5 million jobs in the field of cybersecurity. The life, way of life and customs of hackers in the media are usually endowed with mysterious features, conjectures and stereotypes: gloomy guys in tight-fitting hoodies, silent and omnipotent inquisitors. To understand the intricacies of this industry, to understand who is who and how you can hack a hospital, the Central Bank and anything else in the world, you need to first understand who “white” and “black” hackers are and how they change roles.